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Antimony Recovery from End-of-Life Products and Industrial ...

Feb 08, 2016· Antimony has become an increasingly critical element in recent years, due to a surge in industrial demand and the Chinese domination of primary production. Antimony is produced from stibnite ore (Sb2O3) which is processed into antimony metal and antimony oxide (Sb2O3). The industrial importance of antimony is mainly derived from its use as flame retardant in plastics, coatings, and electronics ...

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Antimony revisited | Feature | RSC Education

Jul 01, 2008· Evidence for the occurrence of antimony can be traced back to antiquity. 1 The name comes from the Greek, anti and monos, meaning 'metal not found alone'. 2 Indeed, antimony is usually found as the sulfide ore, stibnite, Sb 2 S 3, the black form of which was used by ancient Egyptian women as a cosmetic for darkening their eyebrows and eyelashes. 3,4 The earliest record of metallic antimony is ...

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CHAPTER 5. POTENTIAL FOR HUMAN EXPOSURE

retardants (USGS 2004). Most of the primary antimony generated in the United States was generated as antimony trioxide. Antimony trioxide is produced by oxidizing antimony sulfide ore or antimony metal in air at 600–800°C (Avento and Touval 1980). In 1987 and 1988, 18,758, and 18,226 metric tons of the

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Antimony - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Antimony tribromide and other group VA halides minimize the corrosion rate effectively (Verma and Sandor, 2001). Unfortunately, antimony tribromide is toxic. Aldol-amine Adducts. The corrosion of metal surfaces and the precipitation of a metal sulfide by an aqueous acid solution can be prevented by an aldol-amine adduct.

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Facts About Antimony | Live Science

Jun 12, 2013· Antimony is a rare element but can sometimes be found naturally. However, it's mostly in the form of its sulfide stibnite. Uses of antimony. The pure form of antimony is used to make certain ...

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Lead - Georgia State University

Lead is found in the mineral nagyagite, a sulfide, along with gold, iron, antimony, and tellurium. Silver joins with lead and antimony in the sulfide andorite, AgPbSb 3 S 6 . In the sulfide mineral hutchinsonite,(Tl, Pb) 2 As 5 S 9, lead joins with arsenic and thallium.

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Antimony(III) sulfide - definition of Antimony(III ...

Antimony(III) sulfide synonyms, Antimony(III) sulfide pronunciation, Antimony(III) sulfide translation, English dictionary definition of Antimony(III) sulfide. n. A lead-gray mineral, Sb2S3, that is the chief source of antimony.

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(PDF) Antimony Production and Commodites

Antimony is a. chalcophile, occurring with sulfur and the heavy metals copper, lead and silver as a sulfosalt. It. occurs as either a distinct an timony bearing sulfide, such as stibnite ...

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Copper Antimony Sulfide | AMERICAN ELEMENTS

The most common source of antimony is the sulfide mineral known as stibnite (Sb 2 S 3), although it sometimes occurs natively as well. Antimony has numerous applications, most commonly in flame-retardant materials it also increases the hardness and strength of lead when combined in an alloy and is frequently employed as a dopant in ...

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Antimony • Potentially FOUND in food, soil, water, dust ...

A recurrent problem in assessing its toxicity industrially is that arsenic and lead are often found with it, and other toxic materials, for example sulfur dioxide, may also be produced in the course of the process, and separation of exposures may be difficult or impossible. ... Antimony sulfide imported from, at …

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Priming Compositions - Chemical Analysis Of Firearms

Aug 25, 2021· Lead styphnate Barium nitrate Antimony sulfide Lead dioxide Tetracene Calcium silicide Glass powder. 25% to 55% 24% to 25% 0% to 10% 5% to 10% 0.5% to 5% 3% to 15% 0% to 5% (Lead styphnate replaced mercury fulminate.) This was the forerunner of all modern NCNM priming compositions.

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Chemistry: Properties and Application of Sb-Antimony | by ...

Sep 15, 2018· In most of these minerals, antimony is found combined with sulfur to form antimony sulfide (Sb2S3). Other major commercial minerals of antimony are cervantite, stibcontite, kermasite, valentinite ...

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Priming Compounds and Primers Introduction - Ballistics

Sep 10, 2021· This primer cup contained a mixture of potassium chlorate and antimony sulfide. It was found that purification of the mercury fulminate would lead to a more stable compound, and in 1873, a mixture of mercury fulminate, potassium chlorate, glass dust and gum …

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Antimony and Lead - Comparison - Properties - Material ...

Antimony. Antimony is a lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite. Antimony compounds have been known since ancient times and were powdered for use as medicine and cosmetics, often known by the Arabic name, kohl.

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Antimony - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Antimony (Sb; CASRN ) is a semimetal element with chemical properties similar to lead, arsenic, and bismuth. In nature, it is found associated with sulfur as stibnite. Antimony is used in white metal, a group of alloys having relatively low melting points. White metal …

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Antimony sulfide | Article about Antimony sulfide by The ...

stibnite (stĭb`nīt), antimony sulfide, Sb 2 S 3, a mineral, silvery gray in color, with a metallic luster.It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system. Found in many parts of the world, it is the most important ore of antimony. It is commonly deposited by alkaline waters and occurs in association with quartz, calcite, sulfides of the base metals, arsenic, gold, and silver.

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Antimony: a flame fighter - USGS

Also, sodium antimonate (NaSbO 3) is used during manufacturing of high-quality glass, which is found in cellular phones. Humans have known about stibnite (Sb 2 S 3), a lead gray antimony sulfide mineral, since ancient times. Egyptians used powdered stibnite in black eye makeup to create their signature look.

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Antimony

Antimony rarely found in Pure state. Antimony mostly exist in compound form. Some minerals that Antimony can be found is Stibnite, Tetrahedrite, Bournonite, Boulangerite and Jamesonite. Some of these minerals contain the compounds of Antimony Sulfide. Some large produces of Antimony are countries such as China, Russia, Bolivia, South Africa and ...

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Antimony - Properties - Price - Applications - Production

About Antimony. Antimony is a lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite. Antimony compounds have been known since ancient times and were powdered for use as medicine and cosmetics, often known by the Arabic name, kohl.

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Antimony sulfide - Wikipedia

Antimony sulfide may refer to either of two compounds of antimony and sulfur : Antimony trisulfide, Sb 2 S 3. Antimony pentasulfide, Sb 2 S 5, known as antimony red. Index of chemical compounds with the same name. This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name.

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A vacuum distillation process for separation of antimony ...

Jun 01, 2021· It is a kind of complex lead antimony sulfide which has the highest industrial value among complex antimony-bearing minerals. In China, jamesonite accounts for 30–40% of the total antimony resource, which mainly located in Dachang, Guangxi province [ 12, 13 ].

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US4078917A - Extraction of antimony trioxide from antimony ...

Disclosed is a process for extracting antimony trioxide from antimony sulfide ore concentrate by solubility differential of the trioxide in lower alkanol solutions of sodium or potassium hydroxide and wherein the total amount of water contained in the concentrate, the alkanol and the hydroxide is not more than 26.52 volume percent of the antimony sulfide content; which process includes ...

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What is Antimony Used for – Metal Items

Antimony, the 51st element on the periodic table (symbol: Sb), is a shiny, silver-gray metal that has been used by mankind for millennia. Relatively rare, it is sometimes found as a base metal, but more often occurs bound to other elements in one of up to 100 mineral compounds. The most common of …

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LEAD ACID BATTERIES - Concordia University

antimony (Sb), calcium (Ca), tin (Sn) and selenium (Se). When the sulphuric acid comes into contact with the lead plate, a chemical reaction is occurring and energy is produced. Figure 1: Typical lead acid battery schematic Lead acid batteries are heavy and less durable than …

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antimony sulfide - antimony sulfide online Wholesalers

antimony sulfide. All antimony sulfide wholesalers & antimony sulfide manufacturers come from members. We doesn't provide antimony sulfide products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully.

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FIREARMS TUTORIAL - University of Utah

A commonly used lead-based primer contains the shock sensitive explosive lead styphnate, oxidizer barium nitrate, and antimony sulfide fuel, yielding residue metals lead (Pb), barium (Ba), and antimony (Sb). Heavy metal (lead) free primers can have zinc peroxide, titanium powder, tetrazene, diazonitrophenol, and …

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The Mineral Gallery - Sulfides Class

The Sulfide Class minerals comprise an economically important class of minerals. Most major ores of important metals such as copper, lead and silver are sulfides. Strong generalities exist in this class. The majority of sulfides are metallic, opaque, generally sectile, soft to average in hardness and they have high densities, black or dark-colored streaks, and an igneous origin.

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Antimony & Gold - Tri Star

A lustrous grey metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite (Sb2S3). It was established to be an element around the 17th century. The first natural occurrence of pure antimony in the Earth's crust was described by the Swedish scientist and local mine district engineer Anton von Swab in 1783.

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Antimony sulfide - definition of Antimony sulfide by The ...

Antimony sulfide synonyms, Antimony sulfide pronunciation, Antimony sulfide translation, English dictionary definition of Antimony sulfide. n. A lead-gray mineral, Sb2S3, that is the chief source of antimony.

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Antimony - Corrosionsource

Feb 08, 2018· It is sometimes found native, but more frequently as the sulfide stibnite. Properties. It is a poor conductor of heat and electricity. Uses. Antimony is finding use in semiconductor technology for making infrared detectors, diodes and Hall-effect devices. It greatly increases the …

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Antimony - Georgia State University

A sulfide formed with tin and lead is called franckeite. Bournonite is a sulfide with copper, lead and antimony. Tennantite is a sulfide which contains antimony, copper, iron and arsenic. Antimony is found in the mineral nagyagite, a sulfide, along with lead, iron, gold, and tellurium. …

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